Hitler project Riese: Secret Nazi underground factory, military base or
something more significant.
P.S. : Nazi history has so many interesting things that I
am thinking to start a separate series dedicated to
When Germany was at the recieving end in 1943, Hitler & co began building
an elaborate underground city joined by tunnels where they would be able
to conduct their war plans unimpeded by Allied bombers or encroaching
Red Army troops.
After being overwhelmed by the advancing Soviets, the Nazis abandoned
the project. None of the seven shelters and tunnel systems was completed,
and they survived today in various states of disrepair.
It is thought that if the Germans had kept up the war effort only another
eighteen months, they would have completed this underground city, but war
waits for no one.
The word “Riese” (prounced “REE-zuh”) means “giant” in German.
And this was an ambitious project even by Hitler’s standards: seven
underground structures connected by tunnels totaling over 5.5 miles in
length beneath the Owl Mountains of Lower Silesia and the opulent Ksiaz
Castle in what was then Germany and is now a territory of Poland.
In April 1943 Hitler issued an order for the project to start. He hired
Armaments Minister Albert Speer to run the project. In September of that
year, Speer began talks with the newly created Silesian Industrial Company
to make the project a reality.
But by May of 1945—a full month after Hitler committed suicide—Project
Riese was halted as the Soviets swarmed eastward through Germany. The
Nazis destroyed as many records regarding the project as possible, and it
remains shrouded in mystery.
In their postwar memoirs, Albert Speer and others insisted that the project
was intended to be Hitler’s underground headquarters and hiding space for
the Nazi top brass. But researchers say that the manner in which this
information was deliberately spread by unreliable sources is evidence
that this was a purposeful Nazi misinformation campaign designed to deflect attention
from Project Riese’s true purposes.
The following theories are put forth as an effort to explain its purpose:
- It was supposed to be a super-huge underground military base for nuclear
tests, hypersonic jets, anti-gravity devices, and other “wonder weapons” .
- Nazis were seeking uranium deposits in the underground mountains.
- Anti-gravity experiments would be much easier to conduct in an
- Then, there were reports of the Die Glocke,“Nazi Bell,” one of
many Wonder Weapons, the Germans were developing in secretly. Was
supposed to be about 12 ft high and 7 ft in diameter, featuring counter-
rotating cylinders filled with a mercury-like substance, violet in color…..
…..Allegedly, five of the seven scientists who worked on this project died of
- And what was this weird-looking thing? Described variously as the “Fly Trap” or
“The Henge” (due to its resemblance to Stonehenge)..
This outdoors, above-ground remnant of Project Reise is variously said to be
a UFO launching pad, an anti-gravity device, a time machine, or maybe just
the humble remains of an industrial cooling tower.
Although the Nazis were as good at destroying records as they were at
keeping records, most data suggests that Project Riese was built entirely by
Of the 8,995 prisoners almost all were Jewish. came from Hungary, Poland,
Greece, Romania, and elsewhere.
Five thousand laborers died from typhus, malnutrition, disease, and
Fourteen prisoners were executed by German guards after failed escape
The mean life expectancy was just four months.
It is said that children as young as 10 were put to work.
Of the seven tunnel systems that began construction under Project Riese,
three are considered too dangerous for tourists. Three of the others, as well
Ksiaz Castle, are open for tours, and a couple of them even feature small gift shops.
Till this day the exact purpose of this underground facility still remains a